Cardio-Oncology Research Lab

Cardio-Oncology Research Lab Members of the Advanced Cardiovascular Imaging Laboratory

Meet the Team

Vlad G. Zaha, MD, PhD

Principal Investigator

Barbara Haley, MD

Co-Principal Investigator

Aneela Afzal, MSc

Research Study Coordinator

Research

Effect of Cardiotoxic Anticancer Chemotherapy on the Metabolism of [1-13C]Pyruvate in Cardiac Mitochondria (HP Cardiotox)

Inclusion criteria

  • Breast cancer tissue diagnosis
  • Doxorubicin neoadjuvant treatment plan
  • Neoadjuvant patients
  • Above the age of 18, F/M
  • Read and speak English / Spanish
  • Willing to use contraception

Exclusion criteria

  • Alternative chemotherapy or
  • Left-sided radiotherapy
  • Any other investigational agent
  • Uncontrolled illness
  • Macro metastatic disease
  • Pregnant
  • Diabetic
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Hemolytic anemia

Goal

To detect early changes in the mitochondrial metabolism, in situ, as a marker for asymptomatic, subclinical, doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity.

Brief Summary

The anthracycline, doxorubicin, was first introduced to the world of medicine in the 1960s. Today, it continues to be an effective antineoplastic drug that is widely used as a drug of choice for chemotherapy. It is, however, known to present a risk of cardiotoxicity - even at relatively low cumulative doses. Even though the incidence of subclinical cardiotoxicity is not known, it is clear that doxorubicin carries a potential risk of causing late effects in cancer survivors. This drug introduces systemic toxicity that may contribute to cardiac metabolic stress - the main cardiotoxic mechanism, however, involves the cardiac mitochondria.

Protocol snapshot

  • On the day of the metabolic cardiac MR scan an IV line will be inserted
  • A bolus of oral glucose will be administered to prepare the heart for the metabolic study
  • A metabolic cardiac MR study will follow for 60 min, including IV tracer administration and carbon13 detection
  • Total duration: 4 hours
  • Separate conventional cardiac MRI sessions may be completed in certain participants
  • Close monitoring of participant's well-being before, during, and after the scan with EKG, blood pressure, heart rate, and temperature
  • Less than 5 oz of blood will be drawn through the IV, at preset intervals throughout the study duration

Time frame: 4 years
Visit duration: 4 hours
Total MRI scan time: 60 minutes
Using a U.S. FDA-regulated metabolic
substrate: 
Yes - Hyperpolarized 13C-pyruvate
Study phase: Early Phase 1

Diagnosis: Breast cancer
Ages Eligible for study: 18 +
Sexes eligible for study: All
Accepts healthy volunteers: No
Areas of recruitment: UTSW, Parkland Hospital

Study arms

Formal Study

  • Metabolic study visit 1: baseline prior to beginning standard-of-care, neoadjuvant, doxorubicin
  • Metabolic study visit 2: after doxorubicin completion
Formal Metabolic Study 1 Graph

Feasibility Study

  • Metabolic study visit 1: after doxorubicin completion
  • Metabolic study visit 2: at 1 to 6 months after the first scan following medical therapy
Metabolic Feasibility Study 2 Graph

Metabolic Feasibility Study

A separate conventional cardiac MRI scan is offered as an option for the study participants. This can be done on the same day as the study visit, or another day. It will take approximately 1 ½ hour to complete, where the participant will be injected with a standard contrast agent – Gadolinium.

The Standard of Care treatment will not be affected in any way by this study; the participants will not be charged for any research-related activity; they will receive $100/scan, lunch/scan, and valet parking validation/scan.

Funding Source

Cancer Prevention Research Institute of Texas

Contact Us

Please contact our team if planning neoadjuvant Adriamycin (doxorubicin), for enrollment in the HP Cardiotox Study.

Research Study Coordinator:

Aneela Afzal
(214) 645-6269